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Origin synonyms

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The coming into being of something; the origin.
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  1. The coming into being of something; the origin.
  2. The way in which something comes to be; beginning; origin
  3. (Proper) The first book of the Bible, giving an account of the Creation
(Informal) An angry or irritated reaction:
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  1. (Informal) An angry or irritated reaction:
  2. An origin, beginning, or source:
  3. Occasion or opportunity:
An act of beginning; an initial effort:
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  1. An act of beginning; an initial effort:
  2. A position of advantage over others, as in a race or an endeavor; a lead:
  3. An instance of beginning a race:
The act of something that starts.
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  1. The act of something that starts.
(Astron.) The name assigned to the brightest star in each constellation
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  1. (Astron.) The name assigned to the brightest star in each constellation
  2. The first of a series; the beginning.
  3. The return on an investment portfolio that can be attributed to the skill of the portfolio's manager rather than the performance of the market.
A beginning; a start.
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  1. A beginning; a start.
  2. The day when degrees are conferred by colleges and universities upon students and others.
  3. The first existence of anything; act or fact of commencing; rise; origin; beginning; start.
The beginning or initial stage of something
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  1. The beginning or initial stage of something
  2. The initial stage of something; the beginning:
  3. A setting out; beginning; start
The beginning of something; start; commencement
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  1. The beginning of something; start; commencement
The act or process of initiating something.
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  1. The act or process of initiating something.
  2. A ceremony, ritual, test, or period of instruction with which a new member is admitted to an organization or office or to knowledge.
  3. The ceremony or conventions by which a person is initiated into a fraternity, club, etc.
A representation of the newborn Jesus, typically as part of a grouping that includes Mary, Joseph, the Magi, etc.
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  1. A representation of the newborn Jesus, typically as part of a grouping that includes Mary, Joseph, the Magi, etc.
  2. Birth, especially the place, conditions, or circumstances of being born.
  3. (Astrol.) The horoscope for the time of a given person's birth
The beginning (of something)
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  1. The beginning (of something)
  2. A first appearance; a beginning:
  3. A female given name sometimes given to a girl born at that time of day.
A basic introductory text or course of study.
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  1. A basic introductory text or course of study.
  2. Anything introduced, or brought into use, knowledge, or fashion
  3. The preliminary section of a book, often having material considered essential to an understanding of the main text
A component that is forged (shaped by heating and hammering).
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  1. A component that is forged (shaped by heating and hammering).
  2. Something forged; esp., a forged piece of metal
  3. The act of one that forges
A means or point by which to enter.
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  1. A means or point by which to enter.
  2. The causing to be entered upon a register, as a ship or goods, at a customhouse; an entering.
  3. The entering upon; the beginning, or that with which the beginning is made; the commencement; initiation.
Access to land or premises.
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  1. Access to land or premises.
  2. A place or means of entering; entrance
  3. The action of entering land or premises.
One entered in a competition:
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  1. One entered in a competition:
  2. An item entered in this way:
  3. The act of entering upon real property; the making of a notation in a court or business record; in criminal law, the act of intruding into a residence with the intention of committing a crime. See also enter. The act of entering upon real property; the making of a notation in a court or business record; in criminal law, the act of intruding into a residence with the intention of committing a crime. See also enter.
An insurrection or riot
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  1. An insurrection or riot
  2. A breaking out; sudden occurrence, as of disease or war
  3. A sudden increase:
The beginning or start of something:
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  1. The beginning or start of something:
  2. A beginning; start; appearance
  3. (Linguistics) The part of a syllable that precedes the nucleus. In the word nucleus (no͝o&STRESS;klē-əs), the onset of the first syllable is (n), the onset of the second syllable is (kl), and the last syllable has no onset.
Of evidence, that it indicates or leads to the admissibility of other evidence; a nonprofit organization created to fund or promote charitable causes. Of evidence, that it indicates or leads to the admissibility of other evidence; a nonprofit organization created to fund or promote charitable causes.
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  1. Of evidence, that it indicates or leads to the admissibility of other evidence; a nonprofit organization created to fund or promote charitable causes. Of evidence, that it indicates or leads to the admissibility of other evidence; a nonprofit organization created to fund or promote charitable causes.
  2. The base on which something rests; specif., the supporting part of a wall, house, etc., usually of masonry, concrete, etc., and at least partially underground
  3. The act of founding, especially the establishment of an institution with provisions for future maintenance.
(Uncountable) The process of bringing something into existence.
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  1. (Uncountable) The process of bringing something into existence.
The process of creating the content of a document or other content item, i.e., writing or composition.
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  1. The process of creating the content of a document or other content item, i.e., writing or composition.
The degree of elevation of an object, or the angle it makes with a horizontal line; inclination; rising grade.
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  1. The degree of elevation of an object, or the angle it makes with a horizontal line; inclination; rising grade.
  2. A going back in time or in line of ancestry
  3. The way or means by which one ascends.
The world and all things in it.
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  1. The world and all things in it.
  2. An original product of human invention or artistic imagination:
  3. The divine act by which, according to various religious and philosophical traditions, the world was brought into existence.
(Physics) The act or process by which an electric or magnetic effect is produced in an electrical conductor or magnetizable body when it is exposed to the influence or variation of a field of force
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  1. (Physics) The act or process by which an electric or magnetic effect is produced in an electrical conductor or magnetizable body when it is exposed to the influence or variation of a field of force
  2. (--- Embryology) The process by which one part of an embryo causes adjacent tissues or parts to change form or shape, as by the diffusion of hormones or other chemicals.
  3. The creation of a voltage difference across a conductive material (such as a coil of wire) by exposing it to a changing magnetic field. Induction is fundamental to hydroelectric power, in which water-powered turbines spin wire coils through strong magnetic fields. It is also the working principle underlying transformers and induction coils.
The act by which something is launched; a launch.
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  1. The act by which something is launched; a launch.
A formal beginning or introduction.
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  1. A formal beginning or introduction.
  2. The formal beginning or initiation of any movement, course of action, etc.; as, the inauguration of a new system, a new condition, etc.
  3. The act of inaugurating, or inducting into office with solemnity; investiture by appropriate ceremonies.
The act or process of fashioning something; manufacture.
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  1. The act or process of fashioning something; manufacture.
The act or process of one that molds
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  1. The act or process of one that molds
  2. The act or process of shaping in or on a mold, or of making molds; the art or occupation of a molder.
  3. An embellishment in strip form, made of wood or other structural material, that is used to decorate or finish a surface, such as the wall of a room or building or the surface of a door or piece of furniture.
The act of creating a plan or some object, especially a will
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  1. The act of creating a plan or some object, especially a will
The act or process of inventing:
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  1. The act or process of inventing:
  2. A discovery; a finding.
  3. (Music) A short composition, usually for a keyboard instrument, developing a single short motif in counterpoint; esp., any of a group of these by J. S. Bach
A spring, fountain, etc. that is the starting point of a stream
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  1. A spring, fountain, etc. that is the starting point of a stream
  2. One, such as a person or document, that supplies information:
  3. A person or thing from which something comes into being or is derived or obtained:
The condition of being settled and of belonging to a particular place or society:
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  1. The condition of being settled and of belonging to a particular place or society:
  2. The close ties one has with some place or people as through birth, upbringing, long and sympathetic association, etc.
  3. A plant part that usually grows underground, secures the plant in place, absorbs minerals and water, and stores food manufactured by leaves and other plant parts. Roots grow in a root system. Eudicots and magnoliids have a central, longer, and larger taproot with many narrower lateral roots branching off, while monocots have a mass of threadlike fibrous roots , which are roughly the same length and remain close to the surface of the soil. In vascular plants, roots usually consist of a central cylinder of vascular tissue, surrounded by the pericycle and endodermis, then a thick layer of cortex, and finally an outer epidermis or (in woody plants) periderm. Only finer roots (known as feeder roots) actively take up water and minerals, generally in the uppermost meter of soil. These roots absorb minerals primarily through small epidermal structures known as root hairs. In certain plants, adventitious roots grow out from the stem above ground as aerial roots or prop roots, bending down into the soil, to facilitate the exchange of gases or increase support. Certain plants (such as the carrot and beet) have fleshy storage roots with abundant parenchyma in their vascular tissues.
The first part:
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  1. The first part:
  2. The act or process of bringing or being brought into being; a start:
  3. The initial portion of some extended thing.
The beginning of something; start; commencement
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  1. The beginning of something; start; commencement
A usually rapid return to normal shape after removal of stress; recoil:
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  1. A usually rapid return to normal shape after removal of stress; recoil:
  2. A device, such as a coil of wire, that returns to its original shape after being compressed or stretched. Because of their ability to return to their original shape, springs are used to store energy, as in mechanical clocks, and to absorb or lessen energy, as in the suspension system of vehicles.
  3. A source, beginning, or motive:
A culminating point leading to a decision:
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  1. A culminating point leading to a decision:
  2. A distinct set of copies of an edition of a book distinguished from others of that edition by variations in the printed matter.
  3. An item or set of items, as stamps or coins, made available at one time by a business, government, or organization.
A structure, often decorative, from which a jet or stream of water issues.
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  1. A structure, often decorative, from which a jet or stream of water issues.
  2. The source or beginning of a stream
  3. A spring, especially the source of a stream.
An entrance, opening, or passage
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  1. An entrance, opening, or passage
  2. A narrow strip of water extending into a body of land from a river, lake, ocean, etc.; small bay or creek
  3. An opening providing a means of entrance or intake.
In generative linguistics, the generation of a linguistic structure through an ordered or partially ordered series of operations on other structures, such as the creation of a surface structure from a deep structure, or of a complex word from its morphological components.
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  1. In generative linguistics, the generation of a linguistic structure through an ordered or partially ordered series of operations on other structures, such as the creation of a surface structure from a deep structure, or of a complex word from its morphological components.
  2. The form or source from which something is derived; an origin.
  3. (--- Gram.) The process of forming words from bases by the addition of affixes other than inflectional morphemes, or by internal phonetic change
The branch of linguistics that deals with etymologies.
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  1. The branch of linguistics that deals with etymologies.
  2. The branch of linguistics dealing with word origin and development
  3. The origin and development of a word, affix, phrase, etc.; the tracing of a word or other form back as far as possible in its own language and to its source in contemporary or earlier languages
The records or documents authenticating such an object or the history of its ownership.
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  1. The records or documents authenticating such an object or the history of its ownership.
  2. Origin; derivation; source
  3. The history of the ownership of an object, especially when documented or authenticated. Used of artworks, antiques, and books.
Origin; derivation
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  1. Origin; derivation
  2. (Archaeology) Source; origin.
The main, often long or slender part of a plant that usually grows upward above the ground and supports other parts, such as branches and leaves. Plants have evolved a number of tissue arrangements in the stem. Seedless vascular plants (such as mosses and ferns) have primary vascular tissue in an inner core, a cylindrical ring, or individual strands scattered amid the ground tissue. In eudicots, magnoliids, and conifers, the stem develops a continuous cylindrical layer or a ring of separate bundles of vascular tissue (including secondary vascular tissue) embedded in the ground tissue. In monocots and some herbaceous eudicots, individual strands of primary vascular tissue are scattered in the ground tissue.
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  1. The main, often long or slender part of a plant that usually grows upward above the ground and supports other parts, such as branches and leaves. Plants have evolved a number of tissue arrangements in the stem. Seedless vascular plants (such as mosses and ferns) have primary vascular tissue in an inner core, a cylindrical ring, or individual strands scattered amid the ground tissue. In eudicots, magnoliids, and conifers, the stem develops a continuous cylindrical layer or a ring of separate bundles of vascular tissue (including secondary vascular tissue) embedded in the ground tissue. In monocots and some herbaceous eudicots, individual strands of primary vascular tissue are scattered in the ground tissue.
  2. The cylindrical shaft projecting from a watch, with a knurled knob at its end for winding the spring, setting the hands, etc.
  3. (Linguis.) The part of a word, consisting of a root or a root with one or more affixes, to which inflectional endings are added or in which inflectional phonetic changes are made
A body of ore in a vein, usually elongated and vertical or steeply inclined
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  1. A body of ore in a vein, usually elongated and vertical or steeply inclined
  2. A period of photographing, filming, or recording electronically, esp. away from the studio
  3. Action or motion like that of something shot, as of water from a hose
The current style; the fashion.
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  1. The current style; the fashion.
  2. Any small, leafless branch of a woody plant.
  3. A young shoot representing the current season's growth of a woody plant.
A young tree
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  1. A young tree
  2. A youth.
An entrance or a means of entrance:
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  1. An entrance or a means of entrance:
  2. A website considered as an entry point to other websites, often by being or providing access to a search engine.
  3. A doorway, entrance, or gate, especially one that is large and imposing.
A means of approach or access:
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  1. A means of approach or access:
  2. A movable structure for opening or closing an entrance, as to a building or room, or giving access to a closet, cupboard, etc.: most doors turn on hinges, slide in grooves, or revolve on an axis
  3. A movable structure used to close off an entrance, typically consisting of a panel that swings on hinges or that slides or rotates.
(Elec.) A circuit with one output and two or more inputs, whose output is energized only when certain input conditions are satisfied
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  1. (Elec.) A circuit with one output and two or more inputs, whose output is energized only when certain input conditions are satisfied
  2. A movable barrier, as at a railroad crossing or for controlling the start of a horse race
  3. An opening providing passageway through a fence or wall, with or without such a structure; gateway
A means of access
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  1. A means of access
  2. An opening or a structure framing an opening, such as an arch, that may be closed by a gate.
  3. Software or hardware that enables communication between computer networks that use different communications protocols.
A spring that is the source or head of a stream.
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  1. A spring that is the source or head of a stream.
  2. The original or main source of anything
  3. A spring that is the source of a stream
A perennial source of anything; a fountainhead of supply or emanation; resource.
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  1. A perennial source of anything; a fountainhead of supply or emanation; resource.
  2. The source of a stream, spring, etc.; fountainhead
  3. The source of water for a stream, spring or well; a fountainhead; a wellhead.
(Figuratively) A source.
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  1. (Figuratively) A source.
  2. A fountainhead; a source:
  3. A source of a natural spring.
A large basin, now typically supported by a pedestal, for holding water to be used in baptizing
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  1. A large basin, now typically supported by a pedestal, for holding water to be used in baptizing
  2. In phototypesetting, a set of patterns forming glyphs of any size, or the film they are stored on.
  3. (Computing) A computer file containing the code used to draw and compose the glyphs of one or more typographic fonts on a computer display or printer. A font file.
(Figuratively) that from which something flows or proceeds
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  1. (Figuratively) that from which something flows or proceeds
  2. A device from which poultry may drink
  3. One that initiates or dispenses; a source:
(--- Naut.) An enclosure in the hold of a ship for containing the pumps and protecting them from damage
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  1. (--- Naut.) An enclosure in the hold of a ship for containing the pumps and protecting them from damage
  2. An open space extending vertically through the floors of a building, as for stairs or ventilation.
  3. A compartment or recessed area in a ship, used for stowage:
The location where a person was born.
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  1. The location where a person was born.
  2. The place where someone is born or where something originates.
  3. (By extension) The location where something was created or devised.
The starting point.
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  1. The starting point.
  2. The point from which someone or something started
  3. (Idiomatic) the place where one begins; a lack of progress
A central part; a focal point.
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  1. A central part; a focal point.
  2. An ancient religious stone artifact, or baetylus, used to denote the direction of the "center" of the world.
  3. The theological proposition that the world was created with certain indicia of a history which had not actually occurred (such as the humans who had never been connected to umbilical cords being created with navels).
A small low bed for an infant, often furnished with rockers.
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  1. A small low bed for an infant, often furnished with rockers.
  2. Anything resembling a cradle or used somewhat like a cradle, as for holding or rocking
  3. A framework of wood or metal used to support something, such as a ship undergoing construction or repair.
A set or series of similar things, each fitting within the one next larger
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  1. A set or series of similar things, each fitting within the one next larger
  2. A group of weapons in a prepared position:
  3. A structure or shelter made or used by a bird to hold its eggs during incubation and to house its young until fledged.
A place where something is generated.
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  1. A place where something is generated.
  2. An encompassing, protective hollow or space.
  3. Any place or part that holds, envelops, generates, etc.
Any place that fosters rapid growth or extensive activity
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  1. Any place that fosters rapid growth or extensive activity
  2. An environment conducive to vigorous growth or development, especially of something undesirable:
  3. A low bed of earth covered with glass, and heated with rotting manure; used for the germination of seeds and the growth of tender plants. A hotbed works as a miniature hothouse, i.e. greenhouse.
An underground mass of rock or sediment that is porous and permeable enough to allow oil or natural gas to accumulate in it.
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  1. An underground mass of rock or sediment that is porous and permeable enough to allow oil or natural gas to accumulate in it.
  2. A small intercellular space, often containing resin, essential oil, or some other secreted matter.
  3. A place where anything is collected and stored, generally in large quantity; esp., a natural or artificial lake or pond in which water is collected and stored for use
A furnace for heating metal to be wrought
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  1. A furnace for heating metal to be wrought
  2. A place where metal is heated and hammered or wrought into shape; smithy
  3. A place where wrought iron is made from pig iron or iron ore
The beginning (of something)
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  1. The beginning (of something)
  2. A first appearance; a beginning:
  3. A female given name sometimes given to a girl born at that time of day.
More generally used to describe a person prior to the age of majority.
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  1. More generally used to describe a person prior to the age of majority.
  2. The earliest period of childhood, especially before the ability to walk has been acquired.
  3. An early stage of existence:
(Uncountable) The state of being a child.
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  1. (Uncountable) The state of being a child.
  2. The time during which one is a child, from between infancy and puberty.
  3. (By extension) The early stages of development of something.
An early period of development or existence:
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  1. An early period of development or existence:
  2. Young people considered as a group.
  3. The condition or quality of being young:
(--- Medicine) A form of a radioactive isotope that is used to localize and concentrate the amount of radiation administered to a body site, such as a tumor.
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  1. (--- Medicine) A form of a radioactive isotope that is used to localize and concentrate the amount of radiation administered to a body site, such as a tumor.
  2. In the development of certain lower animals, a form suitable for transplanting, as spat
  3. A mature fertilized ovule of angiosperms and gymnosperms that contains an embryo and the food it will need to grow into a new plant. Seeds provide a great reproductive advantage in being able to survive for extended periods until conditions are favorable for germination and growth. The seeds of gymnosperms (such as the conifers) develop on scales of cones or similar structures, while the seeds of angiosperms are enclosed in an ovary that develops into a fruit, such as a pome or nut. The structure of seeds varies somewhat. All seeds are enclosed in a protective seed coat. In certain angiosperms the embryo is enclosed in or attached to an endosperm , a tissue that it uses as a food source either before or during germination. All angiosperm embryos also have at least one cotyledon . The first seed-bearing plants emerged at least 365 million years ago in the late Devonian Period. Many angiosperms have evolved specific fruits for dispersal of seeds by the wind, water, or animals.
A microorganism, especially a pathogen.
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  1. A microorganism, especially a pathogen.
  2. (Biology) A small mass of protoplasm or cells from which a new organism or one of its parts may develop.
  3. The earliest form of an organism; a seed, bud, or spore.
A theater or theatrical activity, especially outside of a main theatrical center:
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  1. A theater or theatrical activity, especially outside of a main theatrical center:
  2. A kind of financial security granting rights of ownership in a corporation, such as a claim to a portion of the assets and earnings of the corporation and the right to vote for the board of directors. Stock is issued and traded in units called shares.
  3. The descendants of a common ancestor; a family line, especially of a specified character:
Of or pertaining to one's parents, and in particular, the legitimacy of one's birth.
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  1. Of or pertaining to one's parents, and in particular, the legitimacy of one's birth.
  2. The position or relation of a parent; parenthood
  3. Derivation from a source; origin.
A series of ancestors or progenitors; lineage, or those who compose the line of natural descent.
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  1. A series of ancestors or progenitors; lineage, or those who compose the line of natural descent.
  2. Ancestors considered as a group.
  3. Condition as to ancestors; ancestral lineage; hence, birth or honorable descent.
Anything from which other things are derived; source; origin
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  1. Anything from which other things are derived; source; origin
  2. A female person whose egg unites with a sperm or a male person whose sperm unites with an egg, resulting in the conception of a child or the birth of a child.
  3. A source or cause; an origin:
Anything regarded as a precursor or forerunner of a later thing
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  1. Anything regarded as a precursor or forerunner of a later thing
  2. (Law) The deceased person from whom an estate has been inherited
  3. A person from whom one is descended, especially if more remote than a grandparent; a forebear.
The coming into being of something; the origin.
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  1. The coming into being of something; the origin.
  2. The way in which something comes to be; beginning; origin
  3. (Proper) The first book of the Bible, giving an account of the Creation
A thing resembling a hen's egg
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  1. A thing resembling a hen's egg
  2. The egg of a domestic fowl; specif., the liquid contents of a hen's egg, as used in cooking
  3. The larger, usually nonmotile female reproductive cell of most organisms that reproduce sexually. Eggs are haploid (they have half the number of chromosomes as the other cells in the organism's body). During fertilization, the nucleus of an egg cell fuses with the nucleus of a sperm cell (the male reproductive cell) to form a new diploid organism. In animals, eggs are spherical, covered by a membrane, and usually produced by the ovaries. In some simple aquatic animals, eggs are fertilized and develop outside the body. In some terrestrial animals, such as insects, reptiles and birds, eggs are fertilized inside the body but are incubated outside the body, protected by durable, waterproof membranes (shells) until the young hatch. In mammals, eggs produced in the ovaries are fertilized inside the body and (except in the cases of monotremes) develop in the reproductive tract until birth. The human female fetus possesses all of the eggs that she will ever have; every month after the onset of puberty, one of these eggs matures and is released from the ovary into the fallopian tube, where it is either fertilized or discarded during menstruation. In many plants (such as the bryophytes, ferns, and gymnosperms) eggs are produced by flasked-shaped structures known as archegonia. In gymnosperms and angiosperms, eggs are enclosed within ovules. In angiosperms, the ovules are enclosed within ovaries.
A male gamete, esp. a spermatozoon rather than a spermatozoid
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  1. A male gamete, esp. a spermatozoon rather than a spermatozoid
  2. A substance, such as spermaceti, obtained from a sperm whale.
  3. The smaller, usually motile male reproductive cell of most organisms that reproduce sexually. Sperm cells are haploid (they have half the number of chromosomes as the other cells in the organism's body). Sperm often have at least one flagellum. During fertilization, the nucleus of a sperm fuses with the nucleus of the much larger egg cell (the female reproductive cell) to form a new organism. In male animals, sperm are normally produced by the testes in extremely large numbers in order to increase the chances of fertilizing an egg. Motile sperm cells produced by some multicellular protist groups (such as the algae), the bryophyte plants, and the seedless vascular plants, require water to swim to the egg cell. In gymnosperms and angiosperms, sperm do not need water for mobility but are carried to the female reproductive organs in the pollen grain. In the cycads and the gingko (both gymnosperms), the sperm are motile and propel themselves down the pollen tube to reach the egg cell. In the conifers and angiosperms, the sperm are not themselves motile but are conveyed to the ovule by the growing pollen tube.
The rudimentary plant contained in a seed, usually made up of hypocotyl, radicle, plumule, and cotyledons
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  1. The rudimentary plant contained in a seed, usually made up of hypocotyl, radicle, plumule, and cotyledons
  2. An animal in its earliest stage of development, before all the major body structures are represented. In humans, the embryonic stage lasts through the first eight weeks of pregnancy. In humans, other placental mammals, and other viviparous animals, young born as embryos cannot thrive. In marsupials, the young are born during the embryonic stage and complete their development outside the uterus, attached to a teat within the mother's pouch.
  3. A collection of such cells of a human, especially from implantation in the uterine wall through the eighth week of development.
A rule or standard, especially of good behavior:
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  1. A rule or standard, especially of good behavior:
  2. A basic or essential quality or element determining intrinsic nature or characteristic behavior:
  3. A fundamental truth, law, doctrine, or motivating force, upon which others are based
An artificially produced radioactive element whose most stable confirmed isotopes have mass numbers of 287 and 288 and half-lives of less than one second.
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  1. An artificially produced radioactive element whose most stable confirmed isotopes have mass numbers of 287 and 288 and half-lives of less than one second.
  2. The natural or suitable environment, situation, etc. for a person or thing
  3. A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances by chemical means. An element is composed of atoms that have the same atomic number, that is, each atom has the same number of protons in its nucleus as all other atoms of that element. Today 117 elements are known, of which 92 are known to occur in nature, while the remainder have only been made with particle accelerators. Eighty-one of the elements have isotopes that are stable. The others, including technetium, promethium, and those with atomic numbers higher than 83, are radioactive.
A thing or part forming the center around which other things or parts are grouped or collected; core
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  1. A thing or part forming the center around which other things or parts are grouped or collected; core
  2. (Physics) The positively charged central region of an atom, composed of protons and neutrons, about which negatively charged electrons orbit. Extremely small and dense, the nucleus contains almost all of the mass of an atom.
  3. An organelle in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells (all cells except prokaryotes) that contains nearly all the cell's DNA and controls its metabolism, growth, and reproduction. The nucleus is surrounded by a pair of membranes called the nuclear envelope , which can be continuous in places with the membranes of the endoplasmic reticulum. The membranes of the nuclear envelope have interconnected pores that allow the exchange of substances with the cell's cytoplasm. The nuclear DNA is wrapped around proteins (called histones) in strands of chromatin , which exists in a matrix known as nucleoplasm (analogous to the cytoplasm outside the nucleus). Just prior to cell division, the chromatin condenses into individual chromosomes, which contain the cell's hereditary information. The nucleus also contains at least one spherical nucleolus , which mainly contains RNA and proteins and directs the construction of the cell's ribosomes.
(Theol., proper, epithet) God as the uncaused cause of all being
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  1. (Theol., proper, epithet) God as the uncaused cause of all being
  2. Alternative spelling of first cause.
  3. A primary cause of anything; source
A person who makes or originates something; creator; originator
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  1. A person who makes or originates something; creator; originator
  2. One who writes or constructs an electronic document or system, such as a website.
  3. A writer of a book, article, etc.; often specif., a person whose profession is writing books
One that creates:
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  1. One that creates:
  2. One who creates
  3. God. Used with the.
Love; affection:
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  1. Love; affection:
  2. Emotional constitution, basic disposition, or character:
  3. The human heart considered as the center or source of emotions, personality attributes, etc.
A machine, as a turbine, that converts a natural force into productive power
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  1. A machine, as a turbine, that converts a natural force into productive power
  2. Any natural force applied by people to produce power, as muscular energy or flowing water
  3. A machine or mechanism that converts natural energy into work.
(Figuratively) An originator; a creator.
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A direct ancestor.
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  1. A direct ancestor.
  2. A forefather; ancestor in direct line
  3. A source from which something develops; originator or precursor
A person who supervises a recording session and then determines the final sound of the recording mix
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  1. A person who supervises a recording session and then determines the final sound of the recording mix
  2. One that produces, especially a person or organization that produces goods or services for sale.
  3. A person who supervises and controls the administrative, financial, and commercial aspects of staging a show or performance or of creating and distributing a movie or audio recording.
An influencing or determining element or factor:
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  1. An influencing or determining element or factor:
  2. (Math.) The sum of the products formed from a square matrix in accordance with certain laws
  3. (Mathematics) The value computed from a square matrix of numbers by a rule of combining products of the matrix entries and that characterizes the solvablitity of simultaneous linear equations. Its absolute value can be interpreted as an area or volume.
A force or substance that causes a change:
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  1. A force or substance that causes a change:
  2. A person or thing that performs an action or brings about a certain result, or that is able to do so
  3. One who by mutual consent is authorized to act for another. See agency, authority, and principal. One who by mutual consent is authorized to act for another. See agency, authority, and principal.
A small piece of fermenting dough put aside to be used for producing fermentation in a fresh batch of dough
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  1. A small piece of fermenting dough put aside to be used for producing fermentation in a fresh batch of dough
  2. An agent, such as yeast, that causes batter or dough to rise, especially by fermentation.
  3. An element, influence, or agent that works subtly to lighten, enliven, or modify a whole.
The chief motivating force:
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  1. The chief motivating force:
  2. (Figuratively) The most important reason for something.
  3. The principal spring in a mechanical device, especially a watch or clock, that drives the mechanism by uncoiling.
The principle that nothing can exist or happen without a cause
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  1. The principle that nothing can exist or happen without a cause
  2. The principle of or relationship between cause and effect.
  3. The relationship between an action or event and the effect that it produces. Also called causation. The relationship between an action or event and the effect that it produces. Also called causation.
A causal agency; anything producing an effect
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  1. A causal agency; anything producing an effect
  2. The act or agency by which an effect is produced.
  3. The act of causing or producing an effect or a result. See also chain of causation, causality, and cause. The act of causing or producing an effect or a result. See also chain of causation, causality, and cause.
A sudden inclination to act, usually without premeditation
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  1. A sudden inclination to act, usually without premeditation
  2. A sudden wish or urge that prompts an unpremeditated act or feeling; an abrupt inclination:
  3. The change of momentum of a body or physical system over a time interval in classical mechanics, equal to the force applied times the length of the time interval over which it is applied.
A person, book, document, etc. that provides information
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  1. A person, book, document, etc. that provides information
  2. One, such as a person or document, that supplies information:
  3. A person or thing from which something comes into being or is derived or obtained:
(Astrol.) The flowing of an ethereal fluid or power from the stars, affecting people's character and actions
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  1. (Astrol.) The flowing of an ethereal fluid or power from the stars, affecting people's character and actions
  2. A person, group, or thing that has influence
  3. A person who exerts such power:
A person or thing that generates
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  1. A person or thing that generates
  2. One that generates, especially a machine that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy.
  3. A machine that converts mechanical energy into electricity to serve as a power source for other machines. Electrical generators found in power plants use water turbines, combustion engines, windmills, or other sources of mechanical energy to spin wire coils in strong magnetic fields, inducing an electric potential in the coils. A generator that provides alternating current power is called an alternator .
A favorable or appropriate time or juncture:
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  1. A favorable or appropriate time or juncture:
  2. A fact, event, or state of affairs that makes something else possible
  3. A significant event, especially a large or important social gathering:
The source, origin, or cause of an action, quality, condition, etc.
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  1. The source, origin, or cause of an action, quality, condition, etc.
  2. (Linguis.) The fundamental element of a word or form, exclusive of all affixes and inflectional phonetic changes
  3. A plant part that usually grows underground, secures the plant in place, absorbs minerals and water, and stores food manufactured by leaves and other plant parts. Roots grow in a root system. Eudicots and magnoliids have a central, longer, and larger taproot with many narrower lateral roots branching off, while monocots have a mass of threadlike fibrous roots , which are roughly the same length and remain close to the surface of the soil. In vascular plants, roots usually consist of a central cylinder of vascular tissue, surrounded by the pericycle and endodermis, then a thick layer of cortex, and finally an outer epidermis or (in woody plants) periderm. Only finer roots (known as feeder roots) actively take up water and minerals, generally in the uppermost meter of soil. These roots absorb minerals primarily through small epidermal structures known as root hairs. In certain plants, adventitious roots grow out from the stem above ground as aerial roots or prop roots, bending down into the soil, to facilitate the exchange of gases or increase support. Certain plants (such as the carrot and beet) have fleshy storage roots with abundant parenchyma in their vascular tissues.
The season of the year between winter and summer, during which the weather becomes warmer and plants revive, extending in the Northern Hemisphere from the vernal equinox to the summer solstice and popularly considered to include the months of March, April, and May. In the Southern Hemisphere austral spring includes September, October, and November.
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  1. The season of the year between winter and summer, during which the weather becomes warmer and plants revive, extending in the Northern Hemisphere from the vernal equinox to the summer solstice and popularly considered to include the months of March, April, and May. In the Southern Hemisphere austral spring includes September, October, and November.
  2. A usually rapid return to normal shape after removal of stress; recoil:
  3. A device, such as a coil of wire, that returns to its original shape after being compressed or stretched. Because of their ability to return to their original shape, springs are used to store energy, as in mechanical clocks, and to absorb or lessen energy, as in the suspension system of vehicles.
A preceding occurrence, cause, or event.
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  1. A preceding occurrence, cause, or event.
  2. The important events and occurrences in one's early life.
  3. One that precedes another.
A motif in art, literature, or music.
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  1. A motif in art, literature, or music.
  2. An emotion, desire, physiological need, or similar impulse that acts as an incitement to action.
  3. Some inner drive, impulse, intention, etc. that causes a person to do something or act in a certain way; incentive; goal
(Shipping) The act of placing a port on a vessel's itinerary because the volume of cargo offered at that port justifies the cost of routing the vessel.
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  1. (Shipping) The act of placing a port on a vessel's itinerary because the volume of cargo offered at that port justifies the cost of routing the vessel.
  2. In contract law, the material reason for undertaking certain obligations. In criminal law, motive or that which leads to the commission of a crime. In contract law, the material reason for undertaking certain obligations. In criminal law, motive or that which leads to the commission of a crime.
  3. (Law) Misrepresentation that leads a person to enter into a contract or transaction with a false understanding of the risks and obligations:
(Physics) The process of making a radioisotope by bombarding a stable element with neutrons or protons.
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  1. (Physics) The process of making a radioisotope by bombarding a stable element with neutrons or protons.
(Theol.) A divine influence upon human beings, as that resulting in the writing of the Scriptures
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  1. (Theol.) A divine influence upon human beings, as that resulting in the writing of the Scriptures
  2. A person or thing that moves the intellect or emotions or prompts action or invention:
  3. An inspiring influence; any stimulus to creative thought or action
That which begins or originates something; the first cause; origin; source.
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  1. That which begins or originates something; the first cause; origin; source.
  2. The act or process of bringing or being brought into being; a start:
  3. The initial portion of some extended thing.
In generative linguistics, the generation of a linguistic structure through an ordered or partially ordered series of operations on other structures, such as the creation of a surface structure from a deep structure, or of a complex word from its morphological components.
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  1. In generative linguistics, the generation of a linguistic structure through an ordered or partially ordered series of operations on other structures, such as the creation of a surface structure from a deep structure, or of a complex word from its morphological components.
  2. The form or source from which something is derived; an origin.
  3. (--- Gram.) The process of forming words from bases by the addition of affixes other than inflectional morphemes, or by internal phonetic change
(Figuratively) that from which something flows or proceeds
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  1. (Figuratively) that from which something flows or proceeds
  2. A device from which poultry may drink
  3. One that initiates or dispenses; a source:
A structure, often decorative, from which a jet or stream of water issues.
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  1. A structure, often decorative, from which a jet or stream of water issues.
  2. The source or beginning of a stream
  3. A spring, especially the source of a stream.
An abundant source of knowledge, etc.
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  1. An abundant source of knowledge, etc.
  2. A spring that is the source of a stream
  3. The original or main source of anything
A woman who gives birth to a child.
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  1. A woman who gives birth to a child.
  2. A woman whose egg unites with a sperm, producing an embryo.
  3. A stringy slime composed of yeast cells and bacteria that forms on the surface of fermenting liquids and is added to wine or cider to start the production of vinegar.
Anything from which other things are derived; source; origin
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  1. Anything from which other things are derived; source; origin
  2. A female person whose egg unites with a sperm or a male person whose sperm unites with an egg, resulting in the conception of a child or the birth of a child.
  3. A source or cause; an origin:
The records or documents authenticating such an object or the history of its ownership.
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  1. The records or documents authenticating such an object or the history of its ownership.
  2. Origin; derivation; source
  3. The history of the ownership of an object, especially when documented or authenticated. Used of artworks, antiques, and books.
Origin; derivation
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  1. Origin; derivation
  2. (Archaeology) Source; origin.
The source, origin, or cause of an action, quality, condition, etc.
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  1. The source, origin, or cause of an action, quality, condition, etc.
  2. The close ties one has with some place or people as through birth, upbringing, long and sympathetic association, etc.
  3. A plant part that usually grows underground, secures the plant in place, absorbs minerals and water, and stores food manufactured by leaves and other plant parts. Roots grow in a root system. Eudicots and magnoliids have a central, longer, and larger taproot with many narrower lateral roots branching off, while monocots have a mass of threadlike fibrous roots , which are roughly the same length and remain close to the surface of the soil. In vascular plants, roots usually consist of a central cylinder of vascular tissue, surrounded by the pericycle and endodermis, then a thick layer of cortex, and finally an outer epidermis or (in woody plants) periderm. Only finer roots (known as feeder roots) actively take up water and minerals, generally in the uppermost meter of soil. These roots absorb minerals primarily through small epidermal structures known as root hairs. In certain plants, adventitious roots grow out from the stem above ground as aerial roots or prop roots, bending down into the soil, to facilitate the exchange of gases or increase support. Certain plants (such as the carrot and beet) have fleshy storage roots with abundant parenchyma in their vascular tissues.
(By extension) The necessary basis for something to develop
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  1. (By extension) The necessary basis for something to develop
  2. (Agriculture) A healthy plant that is used as the base for grafting a scion
  3. A root system of a plant, often with a portion of the stem, to which a shoot or bud is grafted.
A person, book, document, etc. that provides information
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  1. A person, book, document, etc. that provides information
  2. One, such as a person or document, that supplies information:
  3. A person or thing from which something comes into being or is derived or obtained:
A usually rapid return to normal shape after removal of stress; recoil:
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  1. A usually rapid return to normal shape after removal of stress; recoil:
  2. A device, such as a coil of wire, that returns to its original shape after being compressed or stretched. Because of their ability to return to their original shape, springs are used to store energy, as in mechanical clocks, and to absorb or lessen energy, as in the suspension system of vehicles.
  3. A source, beginning, or motive:
A source of abundant supply; fount
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  1. A source of abundant supply; fount
  2. (--- Naut.) An enclosure in the hold of a ship for containing the pumps and protecting them from damage
  3. A compartment or recessed area in a ship, used for stowage:
The first part:
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  1. The first part:
  2. The time when something begins or is begun:
  3. The act or process of bringing or being brought into being; a start:
The set of characteristics or circumstances received from one's ancestors; inheritance:
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  1. The set of characteristics or circumstances received from one's ancestors; inheritance:
  2. The beginning of anything
  3. A beginning or commencement.
The day when degrees are conferred by colleges and universities upon students and others.
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  1. The day when degrees are conferred by colleges and universities upon students and others.
  2. The act or time of commencing; beginning; start
  3. A beginning; a start.
The beginning (of something)
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  1. The beginning (of something)
  2. A first appearance; a beginning:
  3. The beginning of daylight in the morning; daybreak
The coming into being of something; the origin.
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  1. The coming into being of something; the origin.
  2. (Proper) The first book of the Bible, giving an account of the Creation
  3. The way in which something comes to be; beginning; origin
The beginning of something; start; commencement
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  1. The beginning of something; start; commencement
A state of incipiency; a quality of nascence.
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(Linguistics) The part of a syllable that precedes the nucleus. In the word nucleus (no͝o&STRESS;klē-əs), the onset of the first syllable is (n), the onset of the second syllable is (kl), and the last syllable has no onset.
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  1. (Linguistics) The part of a syllable that precedes the nucleus. In the word nucleus (no͝o&STRESS;klē-əs), the onset of the first syllable is (n), the onset of the second syllable is (kl), and the last syllable has no onset.
  2. The beginning or start of something:
  3. A beginning; start; appearance
A beginning; first part; commencement
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  1. A beginning; first part; commencement
  2. A specific pattern or series of beginning moves in certain games, especially chess.
  3. Start of operations; formal beginning
The beginning or initial stage of something
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  1. The beginning or initial stage of something
  2. The initial stage of something; the beginning:
  3. A setting out; beginning; start
That season of the year in which plants begin to grow after lying dormant all winter: in the North Temperate Zone, generally regarded as including the months of March, April, and May: in the astronomical year, that period between the vernal equinox and the summer solstice
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  1. That season of the year in which plants begin to grow after lying dormant all winter: in the North Temperate Zone, generally regarded as including the months of March, April, and May: in the astronomical year, that period between the vernal equinox and the summer solstice
  2. Any period of beginning or newness
  3. A source, beginning, or motive:
An opportunity of beginning or entering upon a career, etc.
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  1. An opportunity of beginning or entering upon a career, etc.
  2. A lead or other advantage, as at the beginning of a race or contest
  3. An instance of beginning a race:
A series of ancestors or progenitors; lineage, or those who compose the line of natural descent.
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  1. A series of ancestors or progenitors; lineage, or those who compose the line of natural descent.
  2. Ancestors considered as a group.
  3. Family descent or lineage
The act or process of bearing young; parturition:
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  1. The act or process of bearing young; parturition:
  2. The emergence and separation of offspring from the body of its mother, seen in all mammals except monotremes.
  3. The set of characteristics or circumstances received from one's ancestors; inheritance:
One of the four humors of ancient and medieval physiology, identified with the blood found in blood vessels, and thought to cause cheerfulness.
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  1. One of the four humors of ancient and medieval physiology, identified with the blood found in blood vessels, and thought to cause cheerfulness.
  2. The fluid consisting of plasma, blood cells, and platelets that is circulated by the heart through the vertebrate vascular system, carrying oxygen and nutrients to and waste materials away from all body tissues.
  3. Relationship by descent in the same family line; kinship
The abstract link between a person and their ancestors.
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  1. The abstract link between a person and their ancestors.
  2. By extension, the predecessors of a particular item or product.
  3. A direct line of descent, esp. of a domestic animal; pedigree; strain
The process of descending or falling down from a higher position.
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  1. The process of descending or falling down from a higher position.
  2. A drop to a lower status or condition.
  3. The transfer of real estate by inheritance, whether by will or intestacy. See also distribution and succession. The transfer of real estate by inheritance, whether by will or intestacy. See also distribution and succession.
A thing extracted; extract
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  1. A thing extracted; extract
  2. Origin; lineage; descent
  3. The act or process of extracting; specif., the extracting of a tooth by a dentist
People in the same line of descent; lineage:
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  1. People in the same line of descent; lineage:
  2. A group of individuals who share ties of blood, marriage, or adoption; a group residing together and consisting of parents, children, and other relatives by blood or marriage; a group of individuals residing together who have consented to an arrangement similar to ties of blood or marriage. A group of individuals who share ties of blood, marriage, or adoption; a group residing together and consisting of parents, children, and other relatives by blood or marriage; a group of individuals residing together who have consented to an arrangement similar to ties of blood or marriage.
  3. A group of individuals derived from a common stock:
Descent from an ancestor; pedigree; lineage
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  1. Descent from an ancestor; pedigree; lineage
  2. Direct descent from an ancestor; lineage or pedigree.
  3. A record or table of the descent of a person, family, or group from an ancestor or ancestors; a family tree.
(--- Football) The linemen considered as a group.
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  1. (--- Football) The linemen considered as a group.
  2. Merchandise or services of a similar or related nature:
  3. A series of persons, especially from one family, who succeed each other:
The descendants of a common ancestor considered to be the founder of the line.
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  1. The descendants of a common ancestor considered to be the founder of the line.
  2. Ancestry; family; stock
  3. The overview or totality of the marriage and blood relationships within a family, including the ancestors and descendants of a particular individual. The overview or totality of the marriage and blood relationships within a family, including the ancestors and descendants of a particular individual.
The position or relation of a parent; parenthood
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  1. The position or relation of a parent; parenthood
  2. The social quality of your class in society.
  3. Of or pertaining to one's parents, and in particular, the legitimacy of one's birth.
A chart of an individual's ancestors used in human genetics to analyze Mendelian inheritance of certain traits, especially of familial diseases.
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  1. A chart of an individual's ancestors used in human genetics to analyze Mendelian inheritance of certain traits, especially of familial diseases.
  2. A line of ancestors; a lineage.
  3. A list of ancestors; record of ancestry; family tree
Seeds considered as a group:
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  1. Seeds considered as a group:
  2. A mature fertilized ovule of angiosperms and gymnosperms that contains an embryo and the food it will need to grow into a new plant. Seeds provide a great reproductive advantage in being able to survive for extended periods until conditions are favorable for germination and growth. The seeds of gymnosperms (such as the conifers) develop on scales of cones or similar structures, while the seeds of angiosperms are enclosed in an ovary that develops into a fruit, such as a pome or nut. The structure of seeds varies somewhat. All seeds are enclosed in a protective seed coat. In certain angiosperms the embryo is enclosed in or attached to an endosperm , a tissue that it uses as a food source either before or during germination. All angiosperm embryos also have at least one cotyledon . The first seed-bearing plants emerged at least 365 million years ago in the late Devonian Period. Many angiosperms have evolved specific fruits for dispersal of seeds by the wind, water, or animals.
  3. Family stock; ancestry.
A group of related families of languages.
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  1. A group of related families of languages.
  2. Any of a number of plants of the crucifer family, as evening stock (Mathiola bicornis), or Virginian stock (Malcomia maritima)
  3. The original progenitor of a family line.
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