- Balky implies a stopping short and stubbornly refusing to go on See also syn. study at opposite.
- Restive is applied to those who are impatient under restraint or discipline and hence are hard to control or keep in order
- Perverse implies an unreasonable obstinacy in deviating from what is considered right or acceptable
- Contrary , in this comparison, implies a habitual willful disinclination to accept orders, advice, etc.