A failure to understand correctly
There are materials for misunderstanding here.
"It was a misunderstanding," she managed, her face hot.
The explanation of the very perplexing changes which the character of Gawain has undergone appears to lie in a misunderstanding of the original sources of that character.
Through some misunderstanding, he reported on his return that the count had accepted all the terms offered, including the retention of the tricolour flag; and the count published a formal denial.
Some misunderstanding has been caused by the confusion of Edom (cis) and Aram (o,·) in viii.