After the insurrection of the 3rst of October he was imprisoned for a short time.
On the 24th he captured Monte Rotondo, but did not enter Rome as the expected insurrection had not broken out.
The insurrection of dissenters (1708-1711), which was headed by Thomas Carey, who was deputy-governor while the trouble was brewing, was in opposition to the establishment of the Church of England; it was ultimately unsuccessful, the Church was established in 1711, a law was passed which deprived Quakers of the privilege of serving on juries or holding public office, and the establishment was continued until the War of Independence.
A simultaneous insurrection at Massa - Carrara was crushed with similar vigour.
In pursuance of his patronage of Monmouth, Shaftesbury now secured for him the command of the army sent to suppress the insurrection in Scotland, which he is supposed to have fomented.