Under the persecution, a large number were killed, and between four and five millions of Protestants left the country.
Thus, in view of persecution or slander, the Christian church naturally produced literary " Apologies."
The Christians suffered from systematic persecution, and many historians, with a strange lack of historical insight, have poured denunciation upon him for an attitude which was the natural outcome of his convictions.
The horrors of war and of religious persecution, and the consequent emigration or expulsion of its inhabitants, had wrecked the prosperity of Ghent, the recovery of which was made impossible by the closing of the Scheldt.
Even the stormy days of the last persecution yielded some considerable writers, such as Methodius in the East and Lactantius in the West.