Under the persecution, a large number were killed, and between four and five millions of Protestants left the country.
The Christians suffered from systematic persecution, and many historians, with a strange lack of historical insight, have poured denunciation upon him for an attitude which was the natural outcome of his convictions.
He passed the remainder of his life at Wittenberg, braving the perils of war and persecution rather than desert the place dear to him as the home of the Reformation.
Even the stormy days of the last persecution yielded some considerable writers, such as Methodius in the East and Lactantius in the West.
Thus, in view of persecution or slander, the Christian church naturally produced literary " Apologies."