Marked by defiance
Not submitting to discipline or control
Matter was a potentially recalcitrant element.
Grindal himself was, however, inclined to be recalcitrant from different motives.
It displeased Napoleon no doubt that Mme de Stael should show herself recalcitrant to his influence.
A relapse of the city led to a new ban of the emperor Matthias in 1613, and in the following year Spinola's Spanish troops brought back the recalcitrant city to the Catholic fold.
He had not to deal with the opposition of a recalcitrant monk, but with the awakening of a nation.