Marked by defiance
Not submitting to discipline or control
Matter was a potentially recalcitrant element.
Grindal himself was, however, inclined to be recalcitrant from different motives.
It displeased Napoleon no doubt that Mme de Stael should show herself recalcitrant to his influence.
A relapse of the city led to a new ban of the emperor Matthias in 1613, and in the following year Spinola's Spanish troops brought back the recalcitrant city to the Catholic fold.