It is surrounded by a thick earthen wall, nearly 4 m.
It is a very old town, with high earthen walls and twelve gates, commanded by a fort.
Rude earthen or stockaded forts, serving as magazines and places of retreat, were erected; or in some cases use was made of strongholds already existing, such as Dun Almain in Kildare, Dunlavin in Wicklow and Fermoy in Cork.
She opened the door and stepped across the threshold and onto the cold, damp earthen floor of the passage.
It was probably suggested to Ctesibius by the Egyptian Wheel or Noria, which was common at that time, and which was a kind of chain pump, consisting of a number of earthen pots carried round by a wheel.