The village is picturesquely situated on a plateau within a rampart of hills on the E.
It is surrounded by a rampart and moat, with five gates, and contains fine palaces, temples and tombs.
Its ramparts are of stone, and its north rampart coincides with the great wall of Hadrian.
The eastern rampart of this great plateau is formed by the Cordillera Oriental, which extends north-west into Peru under the name of Carabaya, and south to the frontier in broken ranges, one of which trends southeast in the vicinity of Sucre.
Two years after the rebellion of 1641 a rampart was raised round the town, pierced by four gates on the land side.