The citadel was erected by Pope Paul III.
He built a citadel called the Acra to dominate the town and placed in it a strong garrison of Greeks.
Larnaca occupies the site of the ancient Citium, but the citadel of the ancient city was used to fill up the ancient harbour in 1879.
Menelaus held the citadel and Jason was unable to establish himself in the city.
The pathway between the citadel and the Areopagus was found to be so narrow that it is certain the Panathenaic procession cannot have taken this route to the Acropolis.