knowledge applies to any body of facts gathered by study, observation, etc., and to the ideas inferred from these facts, and connotes an understanding of what is known man's knowledge of the universe; information applies to data that are gathered in any way, as by reading, observation, hearsay, etc. and does not necessarily connote validity inaccurate information; learning is knowledge acquired by study, especially in languages, literature, philosophy, etc.; erudition implies profound or abstruse learning beyond the comprehension of most people; wisdom implies superior judgment and understanding based on broad knowledge and experience
These nouns refer to what is known, as through study or experience. Knowledge is the broadest: “Science is organized knowledge” (Herbert Spencer). Information often implies a collection of facts and data: “A man's judgment cannot be better than the information on which he has based it” (Arthur Hays Sulzberger). Learning usually refers to knowledge gained by schooling and study: “Learning … must be sought for with ardor and attended to with diligence” (Abigail Adams). Erudition implies profound, often specialized knowledge: “Some have criticized his poetry as elitist, unnecessarily impervious to readers who do not share his erudition” (Elizabeth Kastor). Lore is usually applied to knowledge gained through tradition or anecdote about a particular subject: Many American folktales concern the lore of frontier life.Scholarship is the mastery of a particular area of learning reflected in a scholar's work: A good journal article shows ample evidence of the author's scholarship.