It will be seen that nearly all the colonies and protectorates lie within the tropics.
In the other colonies and protectorates more than half the trade is with foreign countries.
The colonial minister is assisted by a number of organizations of which the most important is the superior council of the colonies (created by decree in 1883), an advisory body which inclUdes the senators and deputies elected by the colonies, and delegates elected by the universal suffrage of all citizens in the colonies and protectorates which do not return members to parliament.
The numbers are limited to 475, of whom 250 belong to the home and 225 to the civil services of the colonies and protectorates (Royal Warrant, June 1909).
" The one common element in Protectorates is the prohibition of all foreign relations except those permitted by the protecting state.