It stands in a level plain on the left bank of the river Ouse, by which communication is provided with the Humber.
It lies in a plain watered by the river Ouse, at the junction of the Foss stream with the main river.
Their circuit is a little over 22 m., and the area enclosed is divided by the river Ouse, the larger part lying on the left bank.
The castle stands in the angle between the Ouse and the Foss immediately above their junction.
The chief industrial establishments are iron foundries, railway and motor engineering works, breweries, flour-mills, tanneries and manufactories of confectionery, artificial manure, &c. There is water communication by the Ouse with the Humber, and by the Foss Navigation to the N.E.