Its industries include brewing and distilling and the manufacture of malt, sugar and starch.
Other important manufactures are: slaughtering and meat packing (wholesale), $6,251,705 in 1905; malt liquors, $4,471,777; and foundry and machine shop products, $3,862,279.
The republic has 676 breweries and 140 malt-houses.
Maltose, malt-sugar, maltobiose, C12H22011, is formed, together with dextrine, by the action of malt diastase on starch, and as an intermediate product in the decomposition of starch by sulphuric acid, and of glycogen by ferments.
Among the borough's manufactures are stoves and furnaces, malt liquors and silk.