The maturation of wine, whether it be in bottle or in cask, is an exceedingly interesting operation.
Rubra, and is often employed for building and for flour-barrels and cask-staves.
Common throughout the northern and middle states and Canada, the red oak attains a large size only on good soils; the wood is of little value, being coarse and porous, but it is largely used for cask-staves; the bark is a valuable tanning material.
To measure the volume of a cask, it may be assumed that the interior is approximately a portion of a spheroidal figure.
Later, earthenware vessels were employed, but the wooden cask -not to mention the glass bottle-was not generally known until a much later period.