From the dhjan came strength and stability; from the nishani, restoration and healing.
Under the Restoration he became a peer of France, but protested against the reactionary spirit of the government, and remained in opposition.
Returning to Rome about April 1344 he worked for three years at the great object of his life, the restoration of the city to its former position of power.
He remained, however, loyal in sentiment to the house of Savoy, and, after the restoration of the king of Sardinia in 1814, he continued in the public service.
On the 26th of January the grand-duke issued a circular letter to the Tuscan bishops suggesting certain reforms, especially in the matter of the restoration of the authority of diocesan synods, the purging of the missals and breviaries of legends, the assertion of episcopal as against papal authority, the curtailing of the privileges of the monastic orders, and the better education of the clergy.