The whole district is the private property of the sultan of Turkey.
led to the repulse of the Turks with severe losses; after a second investment, during which Sultan Suleiman I.
The sultan sent him back to the Christian camp, and he passed on to the Holy Land.
He accompanied his uncle Sultan Abd-ul-Aziz on his visit to England and France in 1867.
From the sultan he received large estates and the title of count of Widdin.