Yet there is a solidarity between the chosen few and the masses which produce them; each has a duty to the other.
This was called the " solidarity pledge," and, united under its sanction, what was left of the Labour party contested the general election of 1894.
The new national feeling demanded that all Arabs should be free men, so the caliph ordained that all Arab slaves should be freed on easy terms. The solidarity of Arabia survived the first foreign conquests.
This view does not seem to be tenable, for the old sacrificial carousals lack two of the essential elements of the gilds, namely corporative solidarity or permanent association and the spirit of Christian brotherhood.
The solidarity of race or family was expressed in the old tradition reflected in Deut.