These novels teach the moral of renunciation (Entsagung).
The second aspect of his influence is the doctrine of redemption of the soul from its sensual bonds, first by the medium of art and second by the path of renunciation and ascetic life.
Self-control and renunciation are the lessons which he preaches.
Epictetus is marked out amongst Stoics by his renunciation of the world.
According to his own account, he was in 1803 entrusted with a mission to obtain from the head of the French royal family, afterwards Louis XVIII., a renunciation of his claims to the throne of France, in return for the throne of Poland.