To disavow (something previously written or said) irrevocably and usually formally
Attempts were made by the officials to induce him to recant, but without effect.
He was compelled to recant, under strong pressure from Pope Innocent III.
Barnes was forced to apologize and recant; and Gardiner delivered a series of sermons at St Paul's Cross to counteract Barnes' invective.
But he now resisted pain better, and, although more than once a promise to recant was extorted from him, he reasserted his innocence when unbound, crying out, "My God, I denied Thee for fear of pain."