Many of them fell into the slough of pauperism, and were saved from starvation by public doles.
The last asked for returns regarding valuation, taxation, educational and religious statistics, pauperism, crime and the prevailing rates of wages in each municipal division.
As regards pauperism, the government subsidizes Protestant and Catholic orphan houses.
Important efforts were made to attract French colonists to the country, the colonization of Algeria appearing as a means towards the extinction of pauperism in the mother-country.
For the relief of pauperism there are a limited number of houses of mendicity, in which inmates are received, Provinces and communes.