The sequence of nucleotides in DNA and RNA that serve as instructions for synthesizing proteins. The genetic code is based on an “alphabet” consisting of sixty-four triplets of nucleotides called codons. The order in which codons are strung together determines the order in which the amino acids for which they code are arranged in a protein.
The definition of a template is a pattern used for forming something exactly.
A structure in all living cells that consists of a single molecule of DNA bonded to various proteins and that carries the genes determining heredity. In all eukaryotic cells, the chromosomes occur as threadlike strands in the nucleus. During cell reproduction, these strands coil up and condense into much thicker structures that are easily viewed under a microscope. Chromosomes occur in pairs in all of the cells of eukaryotes except the reproductive cells, which have one of each chromosome, and some red blood cells (such as those of mammals) that expel their nuclei. In bacterial cells and other prokaryotes, which have no nucleus, the chromosome is a circular strand of DNA located in the cytoplasm.
A hereditary unit consisting of a sequence of DNA that occupies a specific location on a chromosome and is transcribed into an RNA molecule that may function directly or be translated into an amino acid chain. Genes undergo mutation when their DNA sequences change.
Any recombined DNA, esp. that formed in the laboratory by splicing together pieces of DNA from different species, as to create new life forms, modify existing ones, or produce useful biological chemicals, as insulin
The quality of being sarcastic, bitter, or scornful:
A nucleic acid present in all living cells and many viruses, consisting of a long, usually single-stranded chain of alternating phosphate and ribose units, with one of the bases adenine, guanine, cytosine, or uracil bonded to each ribose molecule. RNA molecules are involved in protein synthesis and sometimes in the transmission of genetic information.
Alternative spelling of deoxyribonucleic acid.
A small group of chemical units, consisting of a sequence of three nucleotides, that codes the incorporation of a specific small group of amino acids into a protein molecule during the synthesis of the protein; codons are present in DNA and RNA
Any of several phosphate esters of nucleosides: the basic unit of nucleic acids
Abbreviation of messenger RNA
Abbreviation of transfer RNA
The characteristic helical structure of the two complementary chains of nucleotides in DNA: the chains are linked by hydrogen bonds and coil around a single axis
Find another word for dna. In this page you can discover 32 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for dna, like: hereditary information, deoxyribonucleic-acid, scfv, genetic codon, genetic-code, protein, messenger-rna, genetic alphabet, template, chromosome and gene.