The third crusade numbered among its chiefs Floris III.
Prevented him from carrying out his planned crusade against Bohemia, his successor was a scarcely less bitter enemy of the country.
The foremost heroes of the first crusade were Netherlanders.
By analogy the term "crusade" is also given to any campaign undertaken in the same spirit.
Italy seemed to lie prostrate before the emperor, who commanded her for the first time from the south as well as from the north, In 1227 Frederick, who h1d promised to lead a crusade, was excommunicated by Gregory IX.