For five years Richard was away from his dominions as a crusader or a captive.
He also stated that he had taken the cross as a crusader, but could not sail to Palestine as long as his subjects were putting him in restraint.
He fought as a crusader at the Navas de Tolosa, he went to Rome to be crowned, and did voluntary homage to the pope.
Conon de Bethune, the crusader and poet, was an early forebear.
Snorri (1179-1241) wrote the Lives of the Kings (Heimskringla), from Olaf Tryggvason to Sigurd the Crusader inclusive; and we have them substantially as they came from his hand in the Great King Olaf's Saga; St Olaf's Saga, as in Heimskringla and the Stockholm MS.; and the succeeding Kings' Lives, as in Hulda and Hrokkinskinna, in which, however, a few episodes have been inserted.