The battle opened with a prolonged cannonade from the Spanish lines.
The battle began on both sides with a cannonade from several hundred guns.
The cannonade on the left flank will begin as soon as the guns of the right wing are heard.
Napoleon, then standing near the Gustavus Adolphus monument on the field of Liitzen, heard the roar of a heavy cannonade to his right rear.
Range and from cover they were able to open fire on the Austrian gunners under conditions which renlered the case fire of the latter practically useless; but here was the opportunity a great cavalry leader on the Austrian side might have seized to restore the battle, for the ground, the shortness of the distance, and the smoke and excitement of the cannonade were all in favour of the charge.