Domestic afflictions combined with numerous and painful infirmities to embitter his old age.
Many circumstances concurred to embitter the latter years of his life.
The brutal treatment he had experienced in boyhood under the orders of Adil Shah, and the opprobrious name of eunuch with which be was taunted by his enemies, no doubt contributed to embitter his nature.
The state suffered severely during the War of Independence, the numbers and influence of the Loyalists serving to embitter the conflict.
Under more favourable conditions Louis would have gained a name for kindness and philanthropy, proofs of which did indeed appear during his reign in Holland and gained him the esteem of his subjects; but his morbid sensitiveness served to embitter his relations both of a domestic and of,'a political nature and to sour his own disposition.