The first permanent settler in the valley was Mr J.
The other prolonged contest was racial - the conflict between settler and Maori.
These were fed and clothed by the settler in return for their labour, and the government was relieved of the expense of their support and supervision.
The first white settler was David McKee, who established a ferry here in 1769.
So great is their extent that, in spite of the immigration of recent years, the Dominion government gives a freehold of 160 acres to every bona fide settler, subject to certain conditions of residence and the erection of buildings during the first three years.