Any of a class of carbohydrates that cannot be broken down to simpler sugars by hydrolysis and that constitute the building blocks of oligosaccharides and polysaccharides. Monosaccharides consist of at least three carbon atoms, one of which is attached to an oxygen atom to form an aldehyde group (CHO) or a ketone, and the others of which are each attached to a hydroxyl group (OH). Monosaccharides can occur as chains or rings. Fructose, glucose, and ribose are monosaccharides.
A carbohydrate consisting of a relatively small and specifiable number of monosaccharides joined together. Lactose, maltose, and sucrose are oligosaccharides consisting of two simple sugars. Raffinose is an oligosaccharide consisting of three simple sugars.
Any of a group of complex carbohydrates, as starch, that decompose by hydrolysis into a large number of monosaccharide units
a sugar (like sucrose or fructose) that does not hydrolyse to give other sugars; the simplest group of carbohydrates
Find another word for monosaccharide. In this page you can discover 18 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for monosaccharide, like: aldose ketose, oligosaccharide, polysaccharide, monosaccharose, simple sugar, disaccharide, amino-acids, mannose, ribose, pyrrole and amylopectin.