For while at New College only twenty out of seventy fellows were to study law instead of arts, philosophy and theology, at All Souls College sixteen were to be " jurists " and only twenty-four " artists "; and while at New College there were ten chaplains and three clerks necessarily, at All Souls the number was not defined but left optional; so that there are now only one chaplain and four bible clerks.
The judicial council (consiliarii Augusti, later called consistorium), composed of persons of the highest rank (especially jurists), became a permanent body of advisers, although merely consultative.
The most distinguished of the early jurists (whose works are lost) were Q.
Those jurists often justified the plenitudo potestatis conceded to the emperor by the fact that he stood at the head of Christendom.
We find the same expressed by many German jurists, i.e.