To the unusual temptations thus offered for favouritism and discriminations in rates, the railways generally yielded.
In the first instance laws were enacted prescribing schedules of maximum freight and passenger rates with stringent penalties against rebates and discriminations.
Agriculture was again barred; indeed the Vienna congress of 1815 practically restored the old discriminations against the Jews.
But though we may trace a real affiliation between the principles of Luther and modern German critical study - notably in the doctrines of the Gospel within the Gospel and of the residual Essence of Christianity - Luther's discriminations were in the 17th century ignored in practice.
The chief duty is to prevent discriminations in freight rates and secret rebates from the published list of charges.