Manual labour was adopted at first as a means for students to defray their college expenses.
Provincial banks have been established which defray the cost of public works.
A constant stream of tribute poured into Egypt, sufficient to defray the cost of all the splendid works that were executed.
When a change of residence became necessary to enable the peasant to take up the new allotment, the state advanced £6 to each family to defray expenses.
This does not quite defray the interest on the cost of their construction and equipment, inasmuch as it barely comes to 31% thereon, but rates and fares are deliberately kept low to encourage settlement and communication.