The clergy left the matter to the tsar's own decision.
"The rule of dissolute bishops, and the example of a turbulent and immoral clergy, had poisoned the morals of the city.
It became clear that neither the influence of the regular clergy, of which the Society of Jesus is the most powerful embodiment, nor that of foreign clerical parties, which largely control the Peters Pence fund, would ever permit renunciation of the papal claim to temporal power.
Having refused to accept the civil constitution of the clergy, Dillon had to leave Narbonne in 1790, then to emigrate to Coblenz in 1791.
The nobility and clergy were on the side of the ducal authority; its opponents were the municipalities, especially those of Flanders.