The right of suffrage is confined by the constitution to adult male citizens who have resided in the state for one year.
The members of both chambers owe their election to universal suffrage; but the Senate is not elected directly by the people and the Chamber of Deputies is.
Suffrage was by this constitution first extended to women tax-payers in questions " submitted to the tax-payers, as such."
Convicts not pardoned with an explicit restoration of suffrage privileges are disfranchised - a rare clause in the United States.
The suffrage is extended to all citizens over twenty-one years of age who can read and write and have either attained a certain standard of elementary education or are qualified by paying a rent which varies from 6 in communes of 2500 inhabitants to 16 in communes of 15p,ooo inhabitants, or, if peasant farmers, I6s.