The right of suffrage is confined by the constitution to adult male citizens who have resided in the state for one year.
Suffrage was by this constitution first extended to women tax-payers in questions " submitted to the tax-payers, as such."
The deputies are elected by direct suffrage for the legislative session of three years, and have the same immunities from legal process as the senators.
The suffrage is extended to all citizens over twenty-one years of age who can read and write and have either attained a certain standard of elementary education or are qualified by paying a rent which varies from 6 in communes of 2500 inhabitants to 16 in communes of 15p,ooo inhabitants, or, if peasant farmers, I6s.
On the 2gth of June 1881 the Chamber adopted a Franchise Reform Bill, which increased the electorate from oo,ooo to 2,000,000 by lowering the fiscal qualification from 40 to 19.80 lire in direct taxation, and by extending the suffrage to all persons who had passed through the two lower standards of the elementary schools, and practically to all persons able to read and write.