That is to be found in a guiding and illumining reflective activity.
Before the Christian age, there had been a good deal of reflective thinking in the Jewish schools, though the interest there was legal rather than speculative.
Locke says that our " ideas " all come, either from the five senses or from reflective consciousness; and he proposes to show that even those concerned with the Infinite depend at last on one or other of these two sources: our " complex ideas " are all made up of " simple ideas," either from without or from within.
And here the question arises - Can we vindicate in a reflective or mediate process this spontaneous apprehension of reality?
Judgment is here merely reflective; that is to say, the particular element is given, so determined as to be possible material of knowledge, while the universal, not necessary for cognition, is supplied by reason itself.