The city is a manufacturing and railway centre, and ships grain, pork and neat cattle.
Swine and pork are largely exported to Russia and Austria-Hungary.
Indeed, fresh pork was one of the inducements held out to visitors to the Irish Elysium.
Among the general products are Indian corn, tobacco, mandioca, beans, pork and cotton.
Dumfries markets for cattle and sheep, held weekly, and for horses, held five times annually, have always ranked with the best, and there is also a weekly market for pork during the five months beginning with November.