Pessimism is naturally connected with materialist, optimism with idealist, views of life.
But even at this stage of his career the pessimism of his later writings began to manifest itself, together with a susceptibility to morbid fears which led him to keep loaded weapons always at his bedside.
We may note at the outset the spirit of pessimism which, like the curse on the hoard, pervades the whole.
From Alecsandri there is a natural transition to his great rival, who was also his superior in depth of thought and in mastery of form and language, the great poet of pessimism, Mihail E Eminescu (q.v.).
But the gloom of Juvenal's pessimism is unlighted by hope.