This position he lost owing to a quarrel with his patroness, and he was accused of appropriating money to pay a gambling debt.
She was the patroness of hunters, fishermen and sailors, and also a goddess of birth and health.
As the great nature-goddess, the attributes of fertility and reproduction are characteristically hers, as also the accompanying immorality which originally, perhaps, was often nothing more than primitive magic. As patroness of the hunt, later identification with Artemis was inevitable.
Map was, as we have seen, frequently in France; Chretien had for patroness Marie, countess of Champagne, step-daughter to Henry II., Map's patron; Map's position was distinctly superior to that of Chretien.