The mandarinate or official class is recruited from all ranks of the people by competitive examination.
Alex was competitive by nature, but being a veterinarian had always been his dream.
By degrees, however, the progresses of the feudal chiefs to and from Yedo, which at first were simple and economical, developed features of competitive magnificence, and the importance of good roads and suitable accommodation received increased attention.
Still, these seminars helped him stay competitive with his veterinary clinic.
Rank is nominally determined by merit, as tested by competitive examinations.