The office of chieftain is sometimes held by women.
In 1839, when the British army advanced through the Bolan Pass towards Afghanistan, the conduct of Mehrab Khan, the ruler of Baluchistan, was considered so treacherous and dangerous as to require " the exaction of retribution from that chieftain," and " the execution of such arrangements as would establish future security in that quarter."
In 1667 the robber chieftain, Stenka Razin, made an unsuccessful attempt to capture the city.
The building in which this fire was kept was the Prytaneum, and the chieftain (the king or prytanis)probably made it his residence.
This chieftain lived north of the Orange river in the district now known as Griqualand West, and ruled over some 4000 people, a bastard race sprung from the intercourse between Boers and native women.