It is remarkable that pure chemistry, even to-day, has no very conclusive arguments for the settlement of this controversy; but the sister science of physics is steadily accumulating evidence in favour of the atomic conception.
In 1811 he founded at the mouth of the Columbia river a settlement named after him Astoria, which was intended to serve as the central depot; but two years later the settlement was seized and occupied by the English.
King George Sound, of which Albany is the township, was first occupied in 1826 and a penal settlement was established.
No attempt was made to colonize the locality until after this settlement was given up in 1831.
Of the Andes which is claimed by Bolivia, and the settlement of the dispute may materially diminish its size.