A woman who is considered obese may have her doctor recommend she gain only 10 pounds, while a woman who is underweight when she conceives may be encouraged to aim for a weight gain of 45 to 50 pounds.
The most effective treatment for obese children and adolescents is behavior and lifestyle modification under the guidance of a physician or weight management specialist experienced in dealing with children and adolescents.
In addition, in early 2004, the first alternative school for overweight and obese children, which operates like other private and charter schools, but with a focus on healthy weight loss and maintenance, was established.
Children and adolescents with a BMI-for-age in the 85th to 95th percentile are considered overweight and at risk for obesity, and those with a BMI-for-age greater than the 95th percentile are considered obese.
Some studies claim obesity is a risk factor for asthma stating that nearly 75 percent of emergency room visits for asthma attacks are among obese individuals and that obesity pre-dates the onset of asthma.