The succeeding three months brought disaster and discouragement to the Union army.
The manufacture constituted one of the principal branches of Irish trade, but it did not prove a very serious rival to the woollen industry until the policy of England was directed to the discouragement of the latter.
Many towns shut their gates upon them; but, in spite of discouragement, they spread from Poland to the Rhine, and penetrated as far as Holland and Flanders.
Hence his cautious, dilatory tactics: the encouragement of Italian propagandists, who were few, the discouragement of German propagandists, who were many.
In1807-1808he delivered at Berlin, amidst danger and discouragement, his noble addresses to the German people (Reden an die deutsche Nation).