Guillaume de Saint Yon is cited as the richest butcher of the Grande Boucherie in the 14th century.
The severity of the crisis produced a remedy, in the form of a patriotic rising of the masses under the leadership of a butcher called Minin and a Prince Pozharski.
Fat wethers for the butcher are drafted from the hills in August and the two succeeding months.
His father, James Foe, was a butcher and a citizen of London.
One explanation has been sought in the legend of St Nicholas miraculously restoring to life three rich youths, who had been murdered, cut up and concealed in a salting tub by a thievish innkeeper or butcher, in whose house they had taken lodging.