In no single act of affirmation of cause or substance, much less in such a primitive act, do we affirm the universality of their application.
He immediately adds that, by the combination of these names with one another, affirmation or negation arises.
In the history of philosophy affirmation precedes negation; dogmatism goes before scepticism.
Against the Church of Rome, however, there was directed the affirmation that the Holy Ghost proceeds from the Father and not from both Father and Son; this rejection of the filioque was not unwelcome to the Turks.
It is that of " identity and diversity ": we cannot be conscious at all without distinguishing, and every affirmation necessarily implies negation.