Parallel to the Carpathians are the Marsgebirge (1915 ft.) and its continuation, the Steinitzer Wald (1450 ft.).
The offshoots of the Alpine group are formed by the Wiener Wald, which attains an altitude of 2929 ft.
Vineyards occupy 2% of the total area and produce a good wine, specially those on the sunny slopes of the Wiener Wald.
The centre of its great industrial activity is the capital, Vienna (q.v.); but in the region of the Wiener Wald up to the Semmering, owing to its many waters, which can be transformed into motive power, many factories are spread.
The 7th division now moved forward, taking as point of direction the wood of Maslowed (or Swiep Wald), and supported on the right by the 8th division which was to seize the bridge of Sadowa.