Rejection or victimization by peers may become a source of significant stress to children, contributing to feelings of loneliness and low self-esteem.
The private, nonprofit National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC) was established in cooperation with the United States Department of Justice, to find missing children and prevent child victimization.
After victimization in consequence of a strike he obtained work at Cumnock, Ayrshire, and was shortly afterwards elected secretary of the Ayrshire Miners' Association.
In 1988, AARP, The National Sheriff's Association, and the International Association of Chiefs of Police banded together to not only reduce criminal victimization affecting seniors, but also to quell their fear of crime.
Girl gang members experience more long-term, harmful effects from gang membership than their male counterparts, and some research finds that "gang membership itself opened up young women to additional victimization risk."