Sow carrots, turnips, early celery, also aubergines or egg-plants, capsicums, tomatoes and successional crops of kidney-beans; cauliflower and Brussels sprouts, in gentle heat, to be afterwards planted out.
Plant full crops of broccoli, Brussels sprouts, savoys, kales, leeks and early celery, with successional crops of cabbage and cauliflower.
Sow a few pots of hardy annuals in a frame, or on a sheltered border, for successional spring use if required.
The earliest crop may be planted in December, and successional ones in January and February; the varieties specially suited for forcing being chosen.
Terrestrial habitat associated with the breeding areas is quarry spoil, early successional vegetation and surrounding pasture.