Find another word for rare-earth. In this page you can discover 4 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for rare-earth, like: rare-earth-element, lanthanoid, lanthanide and lanthanon.
Cleve proposed to divide the " rare earth " metals into two groups, (1) " perfectly characterized "; (2) " not yet thoroughly characterized."
In the separation of the constituents of the complex mixture of oxides obtained from the " rare earth " minerals, the methods generally forced upon chemists are those of fractional precipitation or crystallization; the striking resemblances of the compounds of these elements rarely admitting of a complete separation by simple precipitation and filtration.
These crude earths, yttria and ceria, have supplied most if not all of the " rare earth " metals.
It combines directly with lithium, calcium and magnesium when heated, whilst nitrides of the rare earth metals are also produced when their oxides are mixed with magnesium and heated in a current of nitrogen (C. Matignon, Comptes rendus, 1900, 131, p. 837).
The first of the rare earth minerals was discovered in 1794 by Gadolin and was named gadolinite from its discoverer.