There is a theatre, an orphanage and a municipal library.
Other buildings are the orphanage, the hospital, a house of correction for women and a music hall.
The Germans have an orphanage with 300 Armenian children, a carpet factory and a medical station.
There are a large American Mission with schools, orphanage and a resident doctor, a French (Dominican) Mission with schools, and also a branch of the archbishop of Canterbury's Mission to the Nestorian Christians who live in the mountains to the south.
There is an Anglican convent of the Sisters of St Lawrence, with orphanage and school.