Antonius took refuge there, and was reduced by Octavian after a long siege.
Octavian enlarged his kingdom by the addition of part of Cilicia and Lesser Armenia.
He lost his father prematurely; and after the battle of Philippi and the return of Octavian to Rome, Propertius, like Virgil and Horace, was deprived of his, estate to provide land for the veterans, but, unlike them, he had no patrons at court, and he was reduced from opulence to comparative indigence.
A little north of Preveza are the considerable ruins of Nikopolis, founded by Octavian to commemorate the victory of Actium.
In 40 he helped to arrange the peace of Brundisium by which Octavian (Augustus) and Antonius were for a time reconciled.