A country occupying the easternmost island of the West Indies. First inhabited by Arawaks and Caribs, Barbados was held briefly by the Portuguese before being settled by the British in the early 1600s. It became a separate colony in 1885 and gained full independence in 1966. Bridgetown is the capital and the largest city.
A country of northwest Europe on the North Sea. Inhabited in ancient times by the Belgae, the region was part of the Roman and Carolingian empires before breaking up into a number of feudal states during the Middle Ages. The area occupied by present-day Belgium passed to the Habsburgs in the 15th century and to the French in the 18th century. Following the defeat of Napoleon in 1815, Belgium was given to the kingdom of the Netherlands, from which it gained independence as a separate kingdom in 1830. Brussels is the capital and the largest city.
(US, dialect, South, African American Vernacular) child
A country of northwest South America with coastlines on the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Previously inhabited by the Chibchas, it was settled by the Spanish in 1530s and formed the nucleus of the viceroyalty of New Granada after 1739. The area gained its independence from Spain in 1820 under the leadership of Simón Bolívar, but the modern state of Colombia did not emerge until after Venezuela and Ecuador (1830) and later Panama (1903) had become separate nations. Bogotá is the capital and the largest city.
A country of northwest South America on the Pacific Ocean. Once part of the Inca Empire, it was conquered by the Spanish in 1534 and later became subject to Peru and New Granada. The area achieved independence from Spain in 1822 but formed a part of Greater Colombia until 1830, when it became a separate country. Quito is the capital and Guayaquil the largest city.
(Historical) Sub-Saharan Africa, especially the parts south of Egypt and along and east of the Nile
A country of western Europe. It was settled by the Franks after the retreat of the Romans, who had conquered Celtic Gaul in 58–51 bc . Though Charlemagne incorporated it into his Empire of the West after ad 800, France was eventually split into numerous fiefdoms and principalities, many of which were not incorporated into the royal domain until the time of Louis XI (reigned 1461–1483). Widespread poverty and discontent led to the French Revolution (1789) and the end of the monarchy. The First Republic (1792–1804) was followed by the First Empire (1804–1815) under Napoleon I, a period of constitutional monarchy (1814–1848), and a succession of republics broken by the Second Empire (1852–1870) under Napoleon III. Much of France was occupied by Germany in World War II. Paris is the capital and the largest city.
An island in the northern Atlantic Ocean west of Great Britain, divided between the independent Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, which is a part of the United Kingdom. The island was invaded by Celts c. 500 bc and converted to Christianity by Saint Patrick in the fifth century ad . Ireland came under English control in the 17th century and was joined with Great Britain by the Act of Union in 1801. After the Easter Rebellion (1916) and a war of independence (1919–1921), the island was split into the Irish Free State (now the Republic of Ireland) and Northern Ireland, which is still part of the United Kingdom.
A peninsula of southern Europe projecting into the Mediterranean Sea between the Tyrrhenian and Adriatic Seas.
Jamaica Plain, Boston, a neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts.
A country of western Africa on the Atlantic Ocean. Established by the American Colonization Society in 1821 as a settlement for freed slaves, Liberia was the first colonized country in Africa to achieve independence (1847). A military coup in 1980 initiated a period of civil unrest leading to full-scale civil war in 1990. After a cease-fire in 1996, Charles Taylor was elected president in 1997 but was ousted in 2003, and new democratic elections were held in 2005. Monrovia is the capital and the largest city.
A country of southeast Asia consisting of the southern Malay Peninsula and the northern part of the island of Borneo. Malays probably moved into the peninsula c. 2000 bc , eventually reaching northern Borneo and displacing the indigenous Dayaks. Europeans established colonies starting in the 1500s. By the 1900s, Great Britain had established protectorates throughout the lower peninsula, which later formed the Union (1946) and then the Federation (1948) of Malaya. Gaining independence in 1957, it joined with Singapore, Sabah, and Sarawak to become the Federation of Malaysia in 1963. Singapore seceded from the federation in 1965. Kuala Lumpur is the capital and the largest city.
A country of south-central North America. Southern Mexico was the site of various advanced civilizations beginning with the Olmec and including the Maya, Zapotec, Toltec, Mixtec, and Aztec cultures. Mexico was conquered by Cortés in 1521 and held by the Spanish until 1821. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo that ended the Mexican War (1846–1848) awarded all lands north of the Rio Grande to the United States. Mexico City is the capital and the largest city.
A country of northwest Europe on the North Sea. Inhabited by Germanic tribes during Roman times, the region passed to the Franks (4th–8th century), the Holy Roman Empire (10th century), the dukes of Burgundy (14th–15th century), and then to the house of Habsburg. The northern part of the region formed the Union of Utrecht in 1579 and achieved its independence as the United Provinces in 1648 after the Thirty Years' War. In the 17th century the country enjoyed great commercial prosperity and expanded its territories in the East and West Indies and elsewhere. The kingdom of the Netherlands, proclaimed at the Congress of Vienna (1814–1815), included Belgium until 1830. Amsterdam is the constitutional capital and the largest city; The Hague is the seat of government.
A country of Central America on the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. Various Indian peoples, including the Miskito, inhabited the area when Columbus visited in 1502. Spanish settlement began in 1524. The colony was ruled as part of Guatemala until 1821, when the entire region gained independence. Since its designation as a republic in 1838, Nicaragua has had a turbulent history, with frequent intervention by foreign powers. Managua is the capital and the largest city.
A country of northern Europe in the western part of the Scandinavian Peninsula. Norway was ruled by numerous petty kingdoms from the ninth century, and raiding parties reached Normandy, Iceland, Greenland, islands off Scotland and Ireland, and the coast of the New World. Norway was finally unified in the 12th century. After 1397 it was controlled at various times by Denmark and Sweden. Independence was achieved in 1905. Oslo is the capital and the largest city.
A country of southwest Europe on the western Iberian Peninsula and the Madeira Islands and the Azores in the northern Atlantic Ocean. Originally inhabited by the Lusitanians, a Celtiberian people, the mainland area was subsequently held by the Romans, the Visigoths, and the Moors before the establishment of an independent Christian kingdom in the 1100s. Portugal flourished as a maritime and colonial power in the 1400s and 1500s with holdings in Africa, India, Southeast Asia, and Brazil. Much of its empire was lost to the British and the Dutch in the 1600s and 1700s, and the remaining colonies became independent in the 1800s and 1900s. Lisbon is the capital and the largest city.
A former region of south-central Africa north of the Limpopo River. The native kingdoms in the region were colonized by Cecil Rhodes's British South Africa Company in the 1890s. The region remained under British control until the 1960s, when northern and southern Rhodesia gained their independence as Zambia and Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe).
A country of southeast Africa between South Africa and Mozambique. Settled in the early 1800s by Swazi groups fleeing Zulu attacks, the region became a South African protectorate (1894–1899) and was subsequently transferred to British administration in 1903. Swaziland was granted limited autonomy in 1963 and achieved full independence in 1968. The country's first democratic elections were held in 1993. Mbabane is the capital and the largest city.
A country of west-central Europe. The region was conquered by Germanic tribes in the 5th century and by Swabia and Burgundy in the 9th, becoming part of the Holy Roman Empire in 1033. Protesting Habsburg control in the 13th century, the Swiss formed a defense league made up of cantons that became the basis of their confederation, and by 1499 they had achieved independence. The Reformation in the 16th century led to religious civil wars that lasted through the next two centuries. The French took brief control of Switzerland during the French Revolution, but the confederacy was restored in 1815. Switzerland later adopted a federal constitution (1848) and maintained a policy of neutrality through both world wars. Bern is the capital and Zurich the largest city.
A country of northern South America on the Caribbean Sea. Inhabited by a variety of Arawakan and other peoples, the region was visited by Columbus in 1498 and colonized by Spain beginning in the 1520s, eventually becoming part of the viceroyalty of New Granada. Venezuela won independence in 1821 in federation with Colombia and Ecuador and broke away to form a separate country in 1830. Caracas is the capital and the largest city.
Find another word for lower-house. In this page you can discover 23 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for lower-house, like: barbados, belgium, chile, colombia, ecuador, ethiopia, fiji, france, ireland, italy and jamaica.